SANTIAGO, Chile – Chile’s government rejected an $8 billion proposal to dam Patagonian rivers to meet the country’s growing energy demands, handing a victory to environmentalists who praised Tuesday’s ruling as a landmark moment.
A ministerial commission rejected the HidroAysen plan, which would have tamed two of the world’s wildest rivers and built more than 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometres) of power lines to supply energy to central Chile.
After a three-hour meeting, Chile’s ministers of agriculture, energy, mining, economy and health voted unanimously to reject the project. The committee “decided to side with complaints presented by the community,” Environment Minister Pablo Badenier told reporters. “As of now, the hydroelectric project has been rejected.”
The project would have built five dams on the Baker and Pascua rivers in Aysen, a mostly roadless region of southern Patagonia where rainfall is nearly constant and rivers plunge from Andean glaciers to the Pacific Ocean through green valleys and fjords.
Patricio Rodrigo, executive secretary of the Patagonia Defence Council, called the decision “the greatest triumph of the environmental movement in Chile.”
It “marks a turning point, where an empowered public demands to be heard and to participate in the decisions that affect their environment and their lives,” Rodrigo said.
Chile is strapped for energy, but most Chileans opposed HidroAysen, and protests against it at times turned violent.
“This is truly amazing news,” said Margarita Baigorria Cruces, a local resident of Aysen who led a petition campaign against the project for activist group Avaaz.
“We were dreaming and hoping this would happen. We won’t be condemned to drink gold: water is our treasure and this historical victory was meant to be sooner or later. The last thing you lose is hope.”
HidroAysen executives had promised that the Aysen region would get cheaper energy, jobs, scholarships and millions in infrastructure, including seaports and airports.
But people in the sparsely populated area remained divided. About three dozen families would have been relocated, but the dams would have drowned 14,000 acres (5,700 hectares), required carving clear-cuts through forests, and eliminating whitewater rapids and waterfalls that attract ecotourism. They also could have destroyed habitat for the endangered Southern Huemul deer: Fewer than 1,000 of the diminutive animals, a national symbol, are believed to exist.
With its energy-intensive mining industry demanding more power, experts say Chile must triple its current 18,000-megawatt capacity in just 15 years, despite having no domestic oil or natural gas resources. The dams were planned to generate a total of 2,750 megawatts, almost a third of central Chile’s current needs, within 12 years.
Before she was elected last year, President Michelle Bachelet had said the HidroAysen plan was not viable. She announced last month that she instead would tackle Chile’s energy crunch by building up alternative energy sources and terminals for liquefied natural gas.
The HidroAysen joint venture is 51 per cent owned by European energy generator Endesa and 49 per cent owned by the Chilean company Colbun SA. Endesa is a Spanish subsidiary of the Italian energy company Enel SpA.
The company can appeal the decision before an environmental court, and analysts expect a long legal battle. The HidroAysen venture was not immediately available for comment.
Associated Press writers Eva Vergara in Santiago, Chile and Michael Warren in Buenos Aires, Argentina contributed to this report.
Luis Andres Henao on Twitter: https://twitter.com/LuisAndresHenao