WASHINGTON – U.S. consumer prices rose in July at the slowest pace in five months, held back by a drop in gasoline prices.
Consumer prices edged up a seasonally adjusted 0.1 per cent last month, after larger gains of 0.3 per cent in June and 0.4 per cent in May, the Labor Department reported Tuesday. It was the smallest increase since a similar 0.1 per cent rise in February.
The July price restraint came from falling gasoline prices, which had surged in June. All energy prices were down 0.3 per cent and this helped offset a 0.4 per cent rise in food costs, which have been pushed up by adverse weather including a drought in California.
Over the past 12 months, consumer inflation is up 2 per cent while inflation excluding food and energy is up 1.9 per cent. Price gains around 2 per cent are considered moderate and meet the 2 per cent inflation target set by the Federal Reserve.
Analysts believe overall prices will moderate further in coming months, helped by moderation in energy costs. AAA reports that the nationwide average for a gallon of regular gasoline dipped to $3.45 on Monday, down 13 cents in the past month.
Gas prices are also lower than a year ago, when a gallon of regular cost $3.54. That fall in gasoline prices is one reason for the optimism of economists that consumer spending will show solid gains in coming months. A drop in gasoline prices means consumers will have more to spend on other items.
For July, the 0.4 per cent rise in food costs was the fifth increase of that size or higher in the last six months. Food prices have been pushed higher by adverse weather conditions including a severe drought in California.
The drop in energy costs also helped to push down airline ticket prices, which fell 5.9 per cent in July after rising 10.9 per cent over the previous five months. The price of used cars was down 0.3 per cent last month, the third consecutive drop. New car prices rose 0.3 per cent after having fallen in June.
The Labor Department reported last week that its producer price index rose just 0.1 per cent in July following a 0.4 per cent gain in June. This index measures the cost of goods and services before they reach consumers.
The Federal Reserve strives to achieve a 2 per cent target for inflation. Until recently, price increases by its favourite inflation gauge were rising around 1 per cent, well below the Fed’s target. While this inflation gauge showed a 12-month gain of 1.6 per cent in June, that remains comfortably below the Fed’s target and is giving the central bank the leeway to keep interest rates at record lows to boost the economy.
Fed Chair Janet Yellen has continued to stress that while there have been improvements in the unemployment rate, many indicators of the labour market remain weak. She has cited still-high levels of people out of work six months or longer, large numbers of people being forced to work part-time who would like full-time work and persistent weak wage growth.
Yellen will deliver the keynote address at an annual conference sponsored by the Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, on Friday.
Financial markets will watch those comments closely for any hints that Yellen is considering moving up the timing for the Fed’s first rate hike since the recession. Many economists still believe that the Fed will not start boosting its key short-term interest rate, which has been at a record low near zero since late 2008, until the middle of next year.