WASHINGTON – Unemployment rates rose in 30 U.S. states last month, even as employers in two-thirds of the states stepped up hiring. The trends reflect an increase in job-hunters nationwide as an improving economy has encouraged more people to seek work.
The Labor Department said Monday that unemployment rates fell in eight states in July and were unchanged in 12. At the same time, hiring rose in 36 states, fell in 13, and was unchanged in Iowa.
The national unemployment rate ticked up to 6.2 per cent in July from 6.1 per cent in June, the government said earlier this month, even as employers added 209,000 jobs.
The reason the rate rose nationwide even as hiring increased is that more Americans launched job searches but didn’t find work. That lifted the number of unemployed. Still, the rise in people seeking jobs suggests they’re more optimistic about their prospects.
The jobless aren’t counted as unemployed unless they’re actively seeking work.
Mississippi had the highest unemployment rate in July, at 8 per cent, its first month with the highest since the 2008-2009 Great Recession. In June, Mississippi and Rhode Island had tied with rates of 7.9 per cent. Rhode Island had the highest rate for several months earlier this year. After recession ended in June 2009, Michigan and then Nevada typically had the highest rates.
In July, Georgia had the second-highest rate, at 7.8 per cent. Michigan, Rhode Island and Nevada were tied with the third-highest, at 7.7 per cent.
North Dakota had the lowest rate in the nation, as it has for many years, at 2.8 per cent. The state is benefiting from an oil and gas drilling boom. Utah and Nebraska were tied with the next lowest rates, at 3.6 per cent.
The biggest job gains were in Texas, which added 46,600 jobs, followed by California, with 27,700 and Michigan, with 17,900.
Despite this month’s increases, state unemployment rates have significantly improved nationwide in the past year. That trend has reduced regional differences.
The Midwest had the lowest rate of the nation’s four largest regions in July, at 5.9 per cent. The West had the highest, at 6.6 per cent. The rate was 6.1 per cent in the South and the Northeast.
That gap of 0.7 percentage points from the lowest to highest is narrower than a year earlier. In July 2013, the South had the lowest rate, at 7.1 per cent, and the West the highest, at 8.1 per cent.