SAN FRANCISCO – Larry Page’s five-year tenure as CEO of Google — and now its new corporate parent Alphabet — is reminding investors that patience pays off, despite a letdown in the first quarter.
After lagging its peers in the early stages of Page’s reign, the Internet’s most powerful company has since delivered returns that trounced both the Standard & Poor’s 500 and Apple shares.
Since Page took the helm in 2011, Alphabet’s stock has soared 163 per cent, creating an additional $300 billion in shareholder wealth. The S&P 500 rose 58 per cent during the same period; Apple’s stock is up 115 per cent.
Some of Alphabet’s gains evaporated late Thursday after the company announced first-quarter earnings and revenue that fell below analyst projections. Both earnings and revenue fell below the analyst projections that steer investor reactions, causing Alphabet Inc. shares to backtrack by $39.89, or 5 per cent, to $740.11 in extended trading.
The first-quarter performance will once again test Page’s long-held belief that investors should be looking at the big picture instead of fixating on much a company’s earnings rise and fall from one quarter to the next.
Page can more easily brush off Wall Street pressure than most CEOs because he, fellow Google co-founder Sergey Brin and chairman Eric Schmidt are Alphabet’s controlling shareholders, giving them the firepower to outvote everyone else.
As if to underscore Page’s aversion to short-term thinking, Google/Alphabet earnings have now missed analysts’ earnings target in half of his 20 quarters as CEO.
Alphabet’s earnings rose 20 per cent from last year to $4.2 billion, fueled by a massive advertising network that includes Google’s dominant search engine, Android’s ubiquitous operating system for smartphones, YouTube’s widely watched video service and Gmail. Revenue for the first three months of the period, after subtracting ad commissions, climbed 18 per cent to $16.5 billion.
Page created Alphabet last year to oversee Google and a wide variety of other businesses delving into self-driving cars, Internet access, medical research and city management. As part of that transformation, Page became Alphabet’s CEO and one of his top lieutenants, Sundar Pichai, became Google’s CEO. Pichai still reports to Page, leaving no doubt who is still in charge.
Together, Page and Pichai have been guiding Google through a sometimes rocky transition as people search for information less frequently on their personal computers and rely instead on smartphones and tablets. The shift has driven down the average prices for the ads appearing alongside search results because marketers so far haven’t been willing to pay as much for space on the smaller screens of mobile devices.
Google’s average ad price, known as “cost per click,” declined by 9 per cent in the first quarter. It extends the trend that started four-and-half years ago.
Wall Street wasn’t enamoured with Google during its first few years of Page’s leadership, largely because he insisted on pouring billions of dollars into the risky project that he calls “moonshots.”
Alphabet moved into a different financial orbit last year when Page lured away Ruth Porat from her long-time job as chief financial officer for investment bank Morgan Stanley to take the same job at Google and then Alphabet.
Bringing in Porat has been “one of Larry’s most significant hirings, one that was clearly done with investors in mind,” says Edward Jones analyst Josh Olson.
Since her move from Wall Street to Silicon Valley last May, Porat has reined in Google’s operating expenses so they are no longer rising at a faster pace than Google’s revenue. In the first quarter, for instance, Alphabet’s operating expenses increased 13 per cent from last year, five points below revenue growth.
Porat also is demanding more financial discipline from other Alphabet subsidiaries that still appear to be a long way from becoming profitable. Those operations, collectively known as “other bets,” lost $806 million on just $166 million in revenue during the first quarter.