At a glance: About Bangladesh, one of the world's most densely populated and poorest nations

About Bangladesh, one of the world’s most densely populated and poorest nations:

Population: 163 million

Area: 57,000 square miles, about the size of Iowa or Greece

Languages: Bengali, English

Religions: 89.5 per cent Islam, 9.6 per cent Hindu, 0.9 per cent other

Capital: Dhaka, 14.3 million people

Life expectancy: 70

Place on United Nations Human Development Index: 146 of 187 countries

Gross domestic product: $111.9 billion, about the same as Utah

Income per person: $1,940 per year

History: Controlled by the British as part of India until 1947. It was then split from India along religious lines as East Pakistan, though separated from what is now Pakistan by more than 1,000 miles. It gained independence from Pakistan in 1971.


Sources: World Bank, CIA World Fact Book, United Nations Development Programme.