BY THE NUMBERS: Recovering from the tsunami, 5 years on

TOKYO – Friday marks the fifth anniversary of the powerful earthquake and subsequent tsunami that hit Japan, swallowing coastal villages, leaving more than 18,000 people dead or missing and devastating large swaths of the country’s northeastern coastal area. Some places are still unlivable and require massive reconstruction to restore infrastructure, houses and people’s lives. Here’s a look, by the numbers, at the March 11, 2011, disaster:


15,894: People killed by the tsunami and earthquake.

2,561: People missing and presumed dead.


12: Prefectures affected by the disaster out of 47 in Japan.


25.5 trillion yen: The cost ($225 billion) of reconstruction in the first five years.

6.5 trillion yen: The cost ($58 billion) planned for reconstruction over the next five years.


470,000: People evacuated in March 2011.

180,000: People who still have not returned home.


121,803: Houses destroyed.

64,988: People still in prefabricated temporary housing.

60: Per cent of planned public housing completed.


27: Per cent of coastline forests intended for tsunami prevention restored.

45: Per cent of retailers and companies with sales back to pre-disaster levels.

70: Per cent of fishing ports, farmland repaired for reuse.

90: Per cent of railway tracks restored.


20 million: Foreign tourists visited Japan.

500,000: Foreign tourists visited three tsunami-hit northern prefectures.


31 million: Metric tons of debris created by the quake and tsunami.

25 million: Metric tons of debris treated.

13 million: Metric tons recycled as construction materials to build seawalls and ports.

6 million: Metric tons still in temporary storage in Fukushima.


Source: Reconstruction Agency