WASHINGTON – U.S. factories barely boosted their output in September, adding to other signs that the economy was slowing even before the government shutdown began on Oct. 1.
Manufacturing production rose only 0.1 per cent, the Federal Reserve said Monday. That’s down from a 0.5 per cent gain in August, which was slightly lower than previously reported.
Automakers boosted their output in September, but the gain was offset by declines at makers of computers, furniture and appliances.
Overall industrial production increased 0.6 per cent in September, mostly because of a 4.4 per cent jump in utility output. Utilities had fallen for five months. But September was unseasonably warm, likely increasing air conditioning use.
Mining output, which includes oil production, rose 0.2 per cent, its sixth straight increase.
A measure of the total existing capacity used by factories, mines and utilities rose to the highest level since July 2008. That suggests that if demand rises much more, companies will have to invest in more factories and other production facilities to increase output.
Factory output is the largest component of industrial production. It had shown signs of rebounding over the summer, raising hopes that factories would help drive economic growth in the second half of the year.
But several reports suggest businesses and consumers had both grown more cautious right before the 16-day partial government shutdown. And overall hiring has slowed. Those factors could keep the economy weak until next year.
Orders for industrial machinery and other core capital goods, which signal business confidence in the economy, fell sharply in September, the government said last week. Economists pay close attention to those orders because they typically signal expansion.
Still, one measure of manufacturing said overall factory activity expanded in September at the fastest pace in 2 1/2 years. The closely watched Institute for Supply Management manufacturing survey noted that production rose and manufacturers stepped up hiring, while new orders jumped, though not as quickly as the previous month.
The Fed’s report on industrial production was delayed by the 16-day shutdown. It was originally scheduled to be released Oct. 17.
Most economists predict growth slowed in the July-September quarter to an annual rate of about 1.5 per cent to 2 per cent, down from a 2.5 per cent rate in the April-June quarter. And the shutdown is likely to keep growth at that sluggish pace for the final three months of the year.